Your genome determines who you are, and information about your genome can, in some cases, reveal the cause of disease. Technological developments have made it possible to read a genome relatively quickly and cheaply, and therefore genomes are read like never before, both for clinical use in hospitals and for research.
All living organisms have a genome: plants, bacteria, viruses, animals and humans. The genome includes all the genetic material (DNA) in a cell, located in the chromosomes. The human genome contains about 20,000 genes, which, however, only make up 1-5% of the genome. The rest was previously called junk DNA, as it was believed that it had no meaning, but this is not true. Despite limited knowledge about this part of the genome, we know that it is crucial in the management of genes and genome, so that they "turn on" and "turn off" when they should.